DAOs aren’t fit for business.
All stakeholders can vote on everything; should vote on everything.
But businesses move fast and break things. Centralised impulse — fast decisions by just a few people — is what spurs innovation, and beats competition.
As they’re configured today, DAOs will not compete. They’re great for regulating deep infrastructure — whose job is to move slowly, freeze up over time. But they cannot move fast, iterate, and earn a margin.
In this sequence of posts, we explore a framework that will allow smart-contract governance systems to be the new format for incorporation.
A true heir to the joint-stock company, but built for Web3.
We call this the Internet-Native Company.
An INC is a for-profit organisation that is created, operated and governed on-chain.
Before we reinvent the wheel, let’s recall why technology of incorporation was created in the very first place.
Several countries claim prior art on the invention of the company — joint stock corporations were first recorded in China, and they surfaced in fourteenth-century France and Sweden.
The instinct to form a collective is a natural one — let people specialise, heighten focus on one process, but coordinate as a unit. Productivity per capita emerges out of thin air.
Granted legal personalities, these ‘super human’ organisations could, just like other ‘people’:
Work has been gradually uploaded to the cloud over two decades.
It’s been the cause and the effect of a root-and-branch reorganisation of the world economy. Supply chains were stretched ever further, business was won more and more across borders. Assets are digital and teams are scattered around the world.
The move to full-remote was always coming, but has been quickened by Covid.
With employees sprinkled across the planet, companies truly live in hyperspace. Jurisdiction should be irrelevant — our organisations live more and more in the ether.
And yet — articles, shareholder agreements, the doctrines of long-form legalese — impelled by courts ruled by judges in wigs and gowns.
Put simply — this ancient, creaking business format hasn’t evolved — companies bank locally, form legal entities in every jurisdiction where they have employees and face local financial, tax and labor laws.
There are trade-offs to moving wholly on-chain.
Universal Labor Markets: INCs can hire anyone, anywhere (noting potential conflict with IR-35 and equivalent laws)
Universal Capital Markets: INCs will borrow and capitalise along universal primitives — no more two-speed markets, e.g. Italian debt is more expensive than American debt
Financial Control: Money streaming and smart contracts make money flow programmatically — fewer bullet payments, fewer opportunities for fraud
Infinite Money Apps: A boundless store of smart contract services to manage the INC’s treasury
On-chain organisations have shortcomings — currently they:
can’t hold IP
can’t hold ‘real’ assets
can’t sue and be sued
can’t punish stewards of their assets
can’t do business with offchain actors
In time, the ‘cons’ won’t matter — no more than the absence of Yellow Pages did from the early internet.
The assets that will matter will be born digital. IP will be defended by encryption, executives will be disciplined and punished on-chain, and arbitration rules will be enforced there too.
There are millions of unborn companies starved of access to capital and labor.
But a new business cartridge coming — like the joint-stock LLC before it, the INC will power a new era of collaboration, innovation and progress.